Aquatic


        Dr. Benaiah Benno

CURRICULUM VITAE
Dr. Benaiah Benno
Address:

University of Dar es salaam\r\nCollege of Natural and Applied Sciences,
\r\nDepartment of Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries,
\r\nP.O. Box 35064 Dar es Salaam,\r\nTanzania
\r\nEmail: bbenno@udsm.ac.tz; bbbbenno@gmail.com
\r\nTel: +255 784474256; +255 713350780

\r\n2. Education:
\r\n
Name of InstitutionYearsAward
University of Dar es Salaam1986-1989BSc. (Zoology and Marine\r\nBiology)
University of Kuopio, Finland1989-1992MSc Fisheries
University of Waterloo, Canada1998-2003PhD Biology


Other courses attended:\r\n
Name of InstitutionYearsAward
Kunduchi Marine Fisheries Training\r\nInstitute1977-1979Diploma in Fisheries
Kanagawa international Fisheries Training\r\nInstitute, Kanagawa-ken Japan1986Certificate in Coastal\r\nFisheries extension
University of Egerton, Kenya1993Certificate in Tropical river\r\necology
International Ocean Institute at Indian\r\ninstitute of Technology, Madras, India1994Certificate in Coastal zone\r\nmanagement
International Ocean Institute at Dalhousie\r\nUniversity, Nova Scotia,, Canada1995Certificate in Coastal zone\r\nmanagement, Entry into\r\nForce of International law of\r\nthe Sea


3. Languages
\r\nLanguage           Reading         Speaking       Writing
Kiswahili             Good           Good             Good
English                Good           Good             Good

4. Membership of Professional Associations:
\r\nTanzania Wildlife Conservation Society
\r\nWestern Indian Marine Scientists Association (WIOMSA)

5. Employment Record
\r\n5.1 Employer: University of Dar es salaam\r\nDates: July 1989 to present\r\nPositions held: Tutorial Assistant, Assistant Lecturer and Lecturer\r\nResposbilities:

\r\n.Teaching, Research and Consultancy

\r\n. Associate Dean faculty of Aquatic Sciences and Technology 2003-2005

\r\n. Head of Department Life sciences, Mkwawa University College of Education\r\n2006-2007

\r\n. Department Coordinator for undergraduate Practical training: 2008-2012

\r\n. Department for the World Bank supported project for Enhancing learning in\r\nScience and Technology in Higher Learning Institutions: 2009-2013

\r\n5.2 Employer: Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism\r\nDates: September 1979 to August 1986\r\nPosition held: Assistant Field Officer\r\nResponsibilities:
\r\n.Instructor at Mbegani Fisheries Development Centre. 1979-1980

\r\n.Project assistant, World Bank –IDA supported project for establishment of fishing\r\nvillages and boat building facilities in Pangani, Bagamoyo, Nyamisati, Mikindani\r\nand Kigoma: 1981-1983
\r\n.Assistant planning Officer, Fisheries matters, at the Ministry headquarters: 1984-\r\n1986.

\r\n5.3 Other Countries ofWork Experience:\r\n.District Fisheries office, Jyvaskyla, Finland

Dates: June to August 1991.\r\nField attachment during MSc Fisheries course

\r\n. University of Waterloo, Canada\r\nDates: 1998-2003\r\nA tutorial assistant supervising undergraduate Biology practical courses

\r\n.University of Namibia\r\nDates: 2006 to 2011\r\nA visiting lecturer for fish biology and fish stock assessment courses for the\r\nNORAD supported SADDC programme

\r\n2. University of Edwardo Mondlane - Mozambique

\r\nDates: 2010.\r\nVisiting Lecturer for Fish stock assessment course for MSc students at the\r\nUniversidade Eduardo Mondlane Escola Superior de Ciências Marinhas e\r\nCosteiras (the Marine School and Coastal Science) in Quelimane – Mozambique

\r\n6.0 Researches /Studies undertaken
\r\n6.1 Study on the features of Beach seine fishery along the coast of Dar es\r\nSalaam, Tanzania\r\nYear: 1992\r\nMain features of the study: Beach seine fishing is illegal because it is

\r\nnon selective to fish with respect to size and destroys the bethic\r\nenvironment yet it was a very common type of the fishing methods along\r\nthe dare s salaam coast in spite of the fact that it was illegal.

\r\nActivities performed: Enumeration of beach seine units in the area, its\r\nimportance as an employer,

determination of fish species caught and their\r\npopulation characteristics in terms of species diversity, size and maturity\r\nstructure, amount of fish landed, fishing season and environmental issues.

\r\n6.2 Title: Study on the movements habitat use, trophic status and fishery of\r\n‘Ningu’ Labeo

victorianus in the Speke Gulf of Lake Victoria, Tanzania.\r\nYear: 2000\r\nMain study feature: Labeo victorianus is one of the potamodromous\r\nfish of lake Victoria which are now threatened by bad fishing practices,\r\npredation from Nile perch and destruction of their breeding grounds in\r\nrivers.

\r\n4\r\nActivities performed: Study of movements of Ningu through\r\ntagging, their reproductive biology, habitat use and fisheries

\r\n6.3 Title: Investigations on the aquatic fauna of Eastern Arc Mountains in\r\nUsambara, Tanzania\r\nYear: 2005-2007\r\nLocation: Amani, Muheza, Tanga, Tanzania\r\nMain study feature: The gold rush by artisanal miners using mercury\r\nfor gold

amalgamation in the Eastern Usambara area was likely\r\nto impact on aquatic fauna and humans utilizing the aquatic\r\nfauna as food.\r\nActivities performed:

Investigations on the aquatic fauna of Eastern\r\nUsambara rivers and speculation on the likely impacts of the small\r\nscale gold rush prospecting activities on the aquatic fauna in the area

\r\n6.4 Pangani River Health Assessment\r\nLocation: Pangani River Basin, Tanzania

\r\nYear: 2006-2008\r\nClient: Ministry of Water and Irrigation and IUCN Water and Nature\r\nInitiative, Pangani Basin water Office\r\nMain project feature: Pangani River traverses through many areas\r\nand its water is utilized for domestic,

industrial and irrigation such\r\nthat is flow is very much reduced to sustain environmental\r\nrequirements. In addition along the way the river also receives some\r\nurban and

industrial effluents which affects the water quality and the\r\nlife of aquatic organisms. The river is also dammed at Nyumba ya\r\nMungu, Hale and Makinyumbi in Lower Pangani and has an estuary

\r\nsupporting peculiar organisms other than the typical riverine species.\r\nPositions held: Member of the Study team, specialist in Fish biota\r\nActivities

performed: Basin delineation and biological zonation,\r\nAssessment of fish and invertebrate fauna diversity in various reaches\r\nof the Pangani river, associated lakes and swamps, Identification of\r\nbiological requirements and critical habitat for important fish species,\r\nConstruction of fish response curves for various river flow\r\nscenarios and categorization of the river health status.

\r\n6.5 Zigi River health Assessment\r\nYear: 2010\r\nLocation: Zigi and Muzi river basins\r\nClient: Pangani Basin Water office, Moshi, Tanzania\r\nMain Project feature: Zigi and Muzi rivers originate in highland\r\nareas where tea is grown and traverses in areas where sisal growing\r\nand decortation takes place before being dammed at Mabayani to

\r\ncreate a reservoir for the Tanga Municipal water supply. After the\r\ndam the river cascaded through very steep gorges before emptying

\r\n5\r\nits waters into the Indian ocean at Amboni.\r\nPosition held: Head of research team and fisheries expert\r\nActivities: Basin delineation and biological zonation, Assessment\r\nfish species and invertebrate fauna diversity in various reaches\r\nof the Zigi, Kihuhwi and Muzi rivers, Mabayani dam and Amboni\r\nestuary.

Identification of biological requirements and critical\r\nhabitat for important fish species, Construction of fish response\r\ncurves for various river flow scenarios.

\r\n7.0 Consultancy jobs undertaken
\r\nI have been involved in various consultancy assignments as a member of the teams to\r\ncarry out environmental impact assessments of development activities, development of\r\nthe water use policy and evaluation of project performances as described below:.

\r\n7.1 Evaluation of development projects

\r\n7.1.1 Name of assignment: Terminal evaluation of the UNDP-GEF supported\r\nLake Tanganyika project

\r\nYear: 2013\r\nLocation: Kigoma, Rukwa and Katavi, Tanzania\r\nClient: UNDP - Tanzania Country office

\r\nMain Project feature: The project was to set up community based\r\nintervention activities which were to help reduce destruction of the\r\ncatchment forests and loading of sediments into lake Tanganyika\r\nand consequently improving the lake habitats and biodiversity.\r\nPosition held:

Country evaluator\r\nActivities: Assessment of the relevance of the project intervention, the\r\nimpact of the project intervention, and the sustainability of the activities\r\nstarted by the project

\r\n7.1.2 Name of assignment: Final evaluation of the EC funded WWF Project in\r\nthe RUMAKI Seascape titled: Reducing poverty through improved

\r\nlivelihoods and sustainable coastal and marine resource management

\r\nYear: 2012\r\nLocation: Rufiji, Mafia and Kilwa districts, Tanzania\r\nClient: WWF - Tanzania Country office

\r\nMain Project feature: The project was to support the establishment of\r\ncommunity base collaborative fisheries

management in the\r\nRUMAKI area.\r\nPosition held: Leader, Evaluating team\r\nActivities:

Assessment of the relevance of the project intervention, the\r\nimpact of the project intervention, and the sustainability of the\r\nactivities started by the project\r\n6

\r\n7.1.3Final evaluation of the NORAD supportedWWF Project in the RUMAKI\r\nSeascape titled: Strengthening Community Capacity For Fisheries Co-\r\nManagement (Sccafcom) In Rufiji,Mafia And Kilwa Districts\r\nYear: 2011\r\nLocation:

Rufiji,Mafia and Kilwa districts, Tanzania\r\nClient:WWF - Tanzania Country office\r\nMain Project feature: The project was to support the establishment of\r\ncommunity base collaborative fisheries management in the\r\nRUMAKI area.

\r\nPosition held: Member of the consulting research team dealing with\r\nfisheries management\r\nActivities: Assessment of the relevance of the project intervention, the of\r\nimpact of the project intervention and the sustainability of the activities\r\nstarted by the project

\r\n7.1.4 Name of assignment: Development of a new water release and abstraction policy\r\nfor Lake Victoria

\r\nYear: 2010\r\nLocation: Lake Victoria\r\nClient: Lake Victoria Basin Commission\r\nMain Project feature: The water levels of Lake Victoria were declining\r\nthreatening the livelihoods of the population depending on the lake

\r\nfor their livelihoods and therefore called for a new policy to control\r\nthe use of the lake waters sustainably.\r\nPosition held: Fisheries expert, Tanzanian team in collaboration with the

\r\nCenter for Eco-Hydrology, UK.\r\nActivities:\r\n.Assessment of the impact of the expected decline of lake Victoria\r\nwaters on the fishes, and fisheries on the Tanzanian part of lake\r\nVictoria.

\r\n7.2. Environmental Impact assessment of variousmining project activities\r\nActivities undertaken: Determination of the diversity and abundance of the\r\nfauna in the project area,

Assessment of the likely impacts of the gold mining\r\nactivities on the fauna in the project area and Suggestion of mitigation measures\r\nto alleviate the project impacts on the fauna.

\r\n7.2.1 Location: Salawe and Mwakitolyo, Rural Shinyanga, Tanzania\r\nYear: 2012\r\nClient: Reef GoldMining Company\r\nMain Project feature: The project area consisted of mainly a very large\r\nflood plain utilized mainly for paddy cultivation and has some\r\nthorny bushes on the south western side. The area is also traversed\r\nby Isanga river

which empties in the Smith’s sound of lake Victoria.\r\nAlthough the area is highly disturbed by cultivation activities there\r\nare still both terrestrial and aquatic animals in the area.\r\n

\r\n7.2.2 Location: Kisaki, Morogoro rural Tanzania\r\nYear: 2012\r\nClient: Montero Rare earth elements Mining Company\r\nMain Project feature: The Wigu Hill licensed area project area consisted of\r\na thick forested hill rising from 200m to over 700masl and very\r\nlarge flat plain traversed by Mgeta river which downstream joins\r\nonto Ruvu river. The area is also close to the north-western reaches\r\nof the Selous game reserve.

\r\n7.2.3 Location: Tulawaka, Bihalamuro, tanzania\r\nYear: 2011\r\nClient: Barrick Gold Mining company\r\nMain Project feature: The expansion of the Tulawaka gold mining\r\nfacilities takes place in an already fenced area but surrounded by\r\nthe Bihalamuro forest known to be rich in wild animals. There is\r\nalsoMuhama and Isozibi rivers flowing near the project area.

\r\n7.2.4 Location: Saza, Chunya, Mbeya\r\nYear: 2011\r\nClient: Shanta GoldMining (T) Ltd company\r\nMain Project feature: The New Luika gold mine company was to start\r\nconstruction of various mine

facilities in a forested Mining licensed\r\narea known to be utilized by various terrestrial animals. The area is\r\nalso traversed by several perennial and some seasonal rivers\r\nemptying in lake Rukwa, all of which harbour various aquatic\r\norganisms..

\r\n7.2.5 Location: the Golden Ridge, Mwakitolyo village, Rural Shinyanga,\r\nYear: 2010\r\nClient: Barrick GoldMines Company Ltd

\r\nMain Project feature: The gold exploration activities takes place in a raised\r\nbushy ridge surrounded by a flood plain connected to the southern reach of\r\nthe Mwanza gulf of lake Victoria. The project activities was going to

\r\ndisplace and also kill some animals both terrestrial and aquatic in the\r\nproject area.

\r\n7.2.6 Location:Merelani hills, Simanjiro,Manyara, Tanzania\r\nYear: 2010\r\nClient: Tanzanite One Company Ltd\r\nMain Project

feature: Block D owned by Tanzanite One Mining Company\r\nis in surrounded by other blocks occupied by small scale tanzanite\r\nminers. The area is situated in highly disturbed hills.

The expansion of\r\nthe Tanzanite One Project activities was likely to disturb and displace\r\nthe few remaining terrestrial fauna found within the project area.

\r\n7.2.7 Location: Likuyu-seka and Selous game reserve, Namtumbo, Ruvuma,\r\nTanzania\r\nYear: 2010\r\n

\r\nClient: Mantra Tanzania Ltd\r\nMain Project feature: The project was constructing an access road from\r\nLikuyu- Seka to the Uranium mining camp area through the northern

\r\nreaches of the Selous game reserve which is an international heritage\r\nsite. The access road was crossing a number of streams both perennial\r\nand seasonal,

utilized by wild life as watering points and the\r\nproposed road is also thought to cross the Niasa migration corridor.

\r\n7.2.8 Location: North Mara Gold fields, Tarime, Tanzania\r\nYear: 2010\r\nClient: North Mara Gold Mines Company Ltd\r\nMain Project feature: The project activities takes place in an area which\r\nwas highly very disturbed by the ongoing both large scale and small\r\nscale mining

activities. Tigithe stream traversing the licensed area is\r\nutilized by the locals in the surrounding villages for watering cattle\r\nand to draw water for domestic use.

\r\n7.2.9 Location:Mang’onyi village about 60 Km south East of Singida Town\r\nYear: 2010\r\nClient: Shanta mining Company Ltd\r\nMain Project feature: The newly acquired gold mining licensed area had\r\nbushes and seasonal rivers that were utilized by animals both

\r\nterrestrial and aquatic as their habitats. In addition there was a\r\nmigration corridor for elephants in the area.

\r\n7.2.10 Location:Mwadui, Shinyanga\r\nYear: 2010\r\nClient: Petra (Williamson) Diamond Ltd\r\nMain Project feature: The newly acquired Petra Diamond Mining\r\ncompany was going to expand some facilities such as the Tailings\r\nstorage facilities, construction of a new plant and expand the\r\nmining pit in the project area which had been formerly\r\nrehabilitated and recolonised by some wild animals

\r\n7.3 Assessment of the impacts of Harbour development / expansion activities

\r\n7.3.1 Location: Dare s Salaam Harbour, Tanzania\r\nYear: 1995\r\nClient: Tanzania Harbours Authority / Scott-Bertlin Consulting Engineers,\r\nUK

\r\nMain project feature: Dares Salaam harbour expansion involved redging\r\nwhich was going to disturb the sea bottom and displace the benthic\r\nand pelagic fauna and interfere with the marine transport in the area

\r\nPositions held: Member of the research team dealing with aquatic fauna and\r\nflora.\r\nActivities performed: Environmental Impact Assessment of Dares Salaam harbour

\r\nexpansion through identification of aquatic fauna and flora both benthic and

\r\npelagic in the dare s salaam harbour and speculate on the likely impacts of the

\r\nproject activities and suggest some mitigation measures to reduce the\r\n

\r\n7.3.2 Location:Tanga Port, Tanzania\r\nYear: 1992\r\nClient: Tanzania Harbours Authority\r\nMain project

feature: The oil jetty construction at Tanga port involved\r\ndredging activities was going to interfere with marine transport\r\nactivities and displace and probably kill some aquatic both benthic\r\nand pelagic

organisms in the port area and some mangroves and\r\ncorals some distance away. The study was to identify and speculate

\r\non the probable impacts and suggest some mitigation measures.\r\nPositions held: Member of the research team dealing with aquatic fauna and\r\nflora\r\nActivities performed:

\r\n. Assessment of the aquatic fauna and flora in the proposed project\r\narea..

Measurement of the magnitude and direction of current systems in\r\nthe proposed project area and Assessment of the likely impacts of the\r\nproject activities to the aquatic biota in the area.\r\n

\r\n7.3.3 Location: Dar es Salaam,Tanzania\r\nYear: 1991\r\nClient: Tanzania Harbours Authority / Scott Bertlin Consulting Engineers and\r\nPlanners, U.K.\r\nMain project feature: The Dar es Salaam Harbour Expansion

Projectinvolved\r\ndredging activities for laying a gas pipeline was going to take place in\r\nan area with heavy marine boat traffic. The project activities was not

\r\nonly likely going to interfere with marine traffic but also displace and\r\nprobably kill some aquatic both benthic and pelagic organisms in the\r\nproject area.\r\nPositions held: Member of the research team dealing with aquatic fauna\r\nActivities performed:

\r\n. Assessment of the hydrography of the Dar es Salaam harbour and\r\nnearby waters measuring the magnitude and direction of current\r\nsystems in the area, Assessment of the aquatic and benthic fauna and\r\nflora in the study area and sediment structure

\r\n7.4 Environmental impact assessment of hydro electric power development\r\nprojects

\r\n7.4.1 Name of assignment or project: Assessment of the Aquatic fauna along The\r\nMtwara-Masasi power corridor\r\nLocation: Mtwara, Lindi and Masasi districts, Tanzania.

\r\nYear: 2004\r\nClient: IVO Consult\r\nMain project feature: The power corridor traverses through a forested area\r\nand of project activities were likely to kill or displace aquatic fauna

\r\nalong the power corridor\r\nPositions held: Member of the research team dealing with aquatic fauna

\r\n10\r\nActivities performed: Assessment of the Aquatic fauna along

The Mtwara -\r\nMasasi power corridor, Making a prediction of the likely impacts of the\r\nproject activities on the aquatic biota and suggest mitigation measures

\r\n7.4.2 Name of assignment: Baseline study of fisheries resources of Ruvu-Pangani\r\nriver a pre-impoundment for hydro-electric power project.\r\nYear: 1996

\r\nLocation: Mandera village area, Korogwe, Tanzania\r\nClient: Tanzania Electric Supply Company (TANESCO)\r\nMain project feature: The Ruvu river is part of the Pangani river system

\r\nwhich is connected to the Indian Ocean and therefore could possibly be\r\nutilized by both typical riverine species and diadromous species.\r\nPositions held: Member of the research team dealing with aquatic fauna\r\nActivities

performed: Assessment of fish diversity, habitat use and fisheries\r\nactivities of the Ruvu – Pangani river, Speculation on the likely impacts of the\r\nproject activities and Suggestion of mitigation measures

\r\n7.4.3 Name of the assignment: Follow up studies on the limnology and\r\nfisheries of the Mtera reservoir, ten years after impoundment.\r\nYear:1994\r\nLocation: Mtera reservoir, Iringa/Dodoma, Tanzania.

\r\nClient: Tanzania Electric Supply Company\r\nMain project feature: The new lacustrine features had created new\r\nLimnological conditions and adaptations and performance of various aquatic\r\nfauna populations in theMtera dam.

\r\nActivities performed: Study of the Limnology and Fisheries of the Mtera\r\nreservoir, and Assessment of the Biodiversity, mainly of the\r\nichthyofauna of the dam and adjacent streams

\r\n7.4.4 Name of project: Monitoring the aquatic environment during redevelopment\r\nof Pangani hydropower station\r\nLocation: Hale, Tanga, Tanzania\r\nYear: 1993

\r\nClient: Tanzania Electric Supply Company (TANESCO)\r\nMain project feature: Damming of the Pangani river was going to create a\r\nnew lacustrine environment and block the free upstream migration of

\r\nfishes in the river. A few fish will adapt to the new lacustrine condition

\r\nand the head pond to be formed was going to inundate a large area and\r\nattract various organisms both aquatic and terrestrial in the area.\r\nActivities

performed: Identification of the aquatic biota which will be\r\nimpacted by the project activities after damming the river, Assessment of the

\r\nfisheries activities in the project area and Prediction of the likelihood

\r\necological and biological impacts on the production of the native fish species

\r\nin the part of the river that was to change following the impoundment.

7.5 Assessment of Environmental impacts of Songosongo gas project

\r\n7.5.1 Name of assignment or project: The Environmental Impact assessment of\r\nthe Songosongo Gas to electricity project on the marine environment\r\nLocation: Songo songo island, Kilwa, Tanzania

\r\nYear: 1997\r\nClient: NORPLAN A/S, Norway\r\nMain project feature: Some of the gas wells were located in intertidal flats\r\nrich in especially benthic organisms and those offshore areas utilised by\r\nartisanal fishers.\r\nActivities performed:

Assessment of the aquatic biota in the project area and\r\nthe identify the impacts of project activities on the biota and suggest\r\nmitigation measures

\r\n7.5.2 Location: Songosongo island to Somanga-funga, Kilwa.\r\nYear: 1992\r\nActivities performed:

Assessment the impact of construction of an\r\nunderwater gas Pipeline from Songosongo island to Tanzania mainland on the\r\nfauna and flora and fisheries activities in the area .

\r\nClient: Songas / Hardy BBT Ltd., Calgary, Canada.\r\nMain project feature: Excavation of a trench for laying a marine pipeline\r\nwas going to disturb and displace the benthic and pelagic fauna not

\r\nonly within the pipeline corridor but also some distance away\r\ndepending on the water current conditions in the area. The area was\r\nalso a rich fishing ground utilized by both artisanal and commercial\r\nfishers.

\r\n7.5.3 Location: Songo songo island, Kilwa, Tanzania\r\nYear: 1991\r\nClient: Songas / Hardy BBT Ltd., Calgary, Canada.\r\nMain project

feature: Drilling of gas wells in the waters around Songo\r\nsongo island was to destroy a lot of aquatic organisms and besides the area\r\nwas also a rich fishing ground utilized by both artisanal and commercial\r\nfishers.

\r\nActivities performed: The baseline Study of mar ine organi sms ar ound
\r\nthe SongoSongo Gas wells involved assessment of the diversity and\r\nabundance of aquatic biota in the project area and speculate on the impat on\r\nthe organisms and fisheries activities in the area.\r\n\r\n\r\n\">
Name of InstitutionYearsAward
University of Dar es Salaam1986-1989BSc. (Zoology and Marine\r\nBiology)
University of Kuopio, Finland1989-1992MSc Fisheries
University of Waterloo, Canada1998-2003PhD Biology


Other courses attended:\r\n
Name of InstitutionYearsAward
Kunduchi Marine Fisheries Training\r\nInstitute1977-1979Diploma in Fisheries
Kanagawa international Fisheries Training\r\nInstitute, Kanagawa-ken Japan1986Certificate in Coastal\r\nFisheries extension
University of Egerton, Kenya1993Certificate in Tropical river\r\necology
International Ocean Institute at Indian\r\ninstitute of Technology, Madras, India1994Certificate in Coastal zone\r\nmanagement
International Ocean Institute at Dalhousie\r\nUniversity, Nova Scotia,, Canada1995Certificate in Coastal zone\r\nmanagement, Entry into\r\nForce of International law of\r\nthe Sea


3. Languages
\r\nLanguage           Reading         Speaking       Writing
Kiswahili             Good           Good             Good
English                Good           Good             Good

4. Membership of Professional Associations:
\r\nTanzania Wildlife Conservation Society
\r\nWestern Indian Marine Scientists Association (WIOMSA)

5. Employment Record
\r\n5.1 Employer: University of Dar es salaam\r\nDates: July 1989 to present\r\nPositions held: Tutorial Assistant, Assistant Lecturer and Lecturer\r\nResposbilities:

\r\n.Teaching, Research and Consultancy

\r\n. Associate Dean faculty of Aquatic Sciences and Technology 2003-2005

\r\n. Head of Department Life sciences, Mkwawa University College of Education\r\n2006-2007

\r\n. Department Coordinator for undergraduate Practical training: 2008-2012

\r\n. Department for the World Bank supported project for Enhancing learning in\r\nScience and Technology in Higher Learning Institutions: 2009-2013

\r\n5.2 Employer: Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism\r\nDates: September 1979 to August 1986\r\nPosition held: Assistant Field Officer\r\nResponsibilities:
\r\n.Instructor at Mbegani Fisheries Development Centre. 1979-1980

\r\n.Project assistant, World Bank –IDA supported project for establishment of fishing\r\nvillages and boat building facilities in Pangani, Bagamoyo, Nyamisati, Mikindani\r\nand Kigoma: 1981-1983
\r\n.Assistant planning Officer, Fisheries matters, at the Ministry headquarters: 1984-\r\n1986.

\r\n5.3 Other Countries ofWork Experience:\r\n.District Fisheries office, Jyvaskyla, Finland

Dates: June to August 1991.\r\nField attachment during MSc Fisheries course

\r\n. University of Waterloo, Canada\r\nDates: 1998-2003\r\nA tutorial assistant supervising undergraduate Biology practical courses

\r\n.University of Namibia\r\nDates: 2006 to 2011\r\nA visiting lecturer for fish biology and fish stock assessment courses for the\r\nNORAD supported SADDC programme

\r\n2. University of Edwardo Mondlane - Mozambique

\r\nDates: 2010.\r\nVisiting Lecturer for Fish stock assessment course for MSc students at the\r\nUniversidade Eduardo Mondlane Escola Superior de Ciências Marinhas e\r\nCosteiras (the Marine School and Coastal Science) in Quelimane – Mozambique

\r\n6.0 Researches /Studies undertaken
\r\n6.1 Study on the features of Beach seine fishery along the coast of Dar es\r\nSalaam, Tanzania\r\nYear: 1992\r\nMain features of the study: Beach seine fishing is illegal because it is

\r\nnon selective to fish with respect to size and destroys the bethic\r\nenvironment yet it was a very common type of the fishing methods along\r\nthe dare s salaam coast in spite of the fact that it was illegal.

\r\nActivities performed: Enumeration of beach seine units in the area, its\r\nimportance as an employer,

determination of fish species caught and their\r\npopulation characteristics in terms of species diversity, size and maturity\r\nstructure, amount of fish landed, fishing season and environmental issues.

\r\n6.2 Title: Study on the movements habitat use, trophic status and fishery of\r\n‘Ningu’ Labeo

victorianus in the Speke Gulf of Lake Victoria, Tanzania.\r\nYear: 2000\r\nMain study feature: Labeo victorianus is one of the potamodromous\r\nfish of lake Victoria which are now threatened by bad fishing practices,\r\npredation from Nile perch and destruction of their breeding grounds in\r\nrivers.

\r\n4\r\nActivities performed: Study of movements of Ningu through\r\ntagging, their reproductive biology, habitat use and fisheries

\r\n6.3 Title: Investigations on the aquatic fauna of Eastern Arc Mountains in\r\nUsambara, Tanzania\r\nYear: 2005-2007\r\nLocation: Amani, Muheza, Tanga, Tanzania\r\nMain study feature: The gold rush by artisanal miners using mercury\r\nfor gold

amalgamation in the Eastern Usambara area was likely\r\nto impact on aquatic fauna and humans utilizing the aquatic\r\nfauna as food.\r\nActivities performed:

Investigations on the aquatic fauna of Eastern\r\nUsambara rivers and speculation on the likely impacts of the small\r\nscale gold rush prospecting activities on the aquatic fauna in the area

\r\n6.4 Pangani River Health Assessment\r\nLocation: Pangani River Basin, Tanzania

\r\nYear: 2006-2008\r\nClient: Ministry of Water and Irrigation and IUCN Water and Nature\r\nInitiative, Pangani Basin water Office\r\nMain project feature: Pangani River traverses through many areas\r\nand its water is utilized for domestic,

industrial and irrigation such\r\nthat is flow is very much reduced to sustain environmental\r\nrequirements. In addition along the way the river also receives some\r\nurban and

industrial effluents which affects the water quality and the\r\nlife of aquatic organisms. The river is also dammed at Nyumba ya\r\nMungu, Hale and Makinyumbi in Lower Pangani and has an estuary

\r\nsupporting peculiar organisms other than the typical riverine species.\r\nPositions held: Member of the Study team, specialist in Fish biota\r\nActivities

performed: Basin delineation and biological zonation,\r\nAssessment of fish and invertebrate fauna diversity in various reaches\r\nof the Pangani river, associated lakes and swamps, Identification of\r\nbiological requirements and critical habitat for important fish species,\r\nConstruction of fish response curves for various river flow\r\nscenarios and categorization of the river health status.

\r\n6.5 Zigi River health Assessment\r\nYear: 2010\r\nLocation: Zigi and Muzi river basins\r\nClient: Pangani Basin Water office, Moshi, Tanzania\r\nMain Project feature: Zigi and Muzi rivers originate in highland\r\nareas where tea is grown and traverses in areas where sisal growing\r\nand decortation takes place before being dammed at Mabayani to

\r\ncreate a reservoir for the Tanga Municipal water supply. After the\r\ndam the river cascaded through very steep gorges before emptying

\r\n5\r\nits waters into the Indian ocean at Amboni.\r\nPosition held: Head of research team and fisheries expert\r\nActivities: Basin delineation and biological zonation, Assessment\r\nfish species and invertebrate fauna diversity in various reaches\r\nof the Zigi, Kihuhwi and Muzi rivers, Mabayani dam and Amboni\r\nestuary.

Identification of biological requirements and critical\r\nhabitat for important fish species, Construction of fish response\r\ncurves for various river flow scenarios.

\r\n7.0 Consultancy jobs undertaken
\r\nI have been involved in various consultancy assignments as a member of the teams to\r\ncarry out environmental impact assessments of development activities, development of\r\nthe water use policy and evaluation of project performances as described below:.

\r\n7.1 Evaluation of development projects

\r\n7.1.1 Name of assignment: Terminal evaluation of the UNDP-GEF supported\r\nLake Tanganyika project

\r\nYear: 2013\r\nLocation: Kigoma, Rukwa and Katavi, Tanzania\r\nClient: UNDP - Tanzania Country office

\r\nMain Project feature: The project was to set up community based\r\nintervention activities which were to help reduce destruction of the\r\ncatchment forests and loading of sediments into lake Tanganyika\r\nand consequently improving the lake habitats and biodiversity.\r\nPosition held:

Country evaluator\r\nActivities: Assessment of the relevance of the project intervention, the\r\nimpact of the project intervention, and the sustainability of the activities\r\nstarted by the project

\r\n7.1.2 Name of assignment: Final evaluation of the EC funded WWF Project in\r\nthe RUMAKI Seascape titled: Reducing poverty through improved

\r\nlivelihoods and sustainable coastal and marine resource management

\r\nYear: 2012\r\nLocation: Rufiji, Mafia and Kilwa districts, Tanzania\r\nClient: WWF - Tanzania Country office

\r\nMain Project feature: The project was to support the establishment of\r\ncommunity base collaborative fisheries

management in the\r\nRUMAKI area.\r\nPosition held: Leader, Evaluating team\r\nActivities:

Assessment of the relevance of the project intervention, the\r\nimpact of the project intervention, and the sustainability of the\r\nactivities started by the project\r\n6

\r\n7.1.3Final evaluation of the NORAD supportedWWF Project in the RUMAKI\r\nSeascape titled: Strengthening Community Capacity For Fisheries Co-\r\nManagement (Sccafcom) In Rufiji,Mafia And Kilwa Districts\r\nYear: 2011\r\nLocation:

Rufiji,Mafia and Kilwa districts, Tanzania\r\nClient:WWF - Tanzania Country office\r\nMain Project feature: The project was to support the establishment of\r\ncommunity base collaborative fisheries management in the\r\nRUMAKI area.

\r\nPosition held: Member of the consulting research team dealing with\r\nfisheries management\r\nActivities: Assessment of the relevance of the project intervention, the of\r\nimpact of the project intervention and the sustainability of the activities\r\nstarted by the project

\r\n7.1.4 Name of assignment: Development of a new water release and abstraction policy\r\nfor Lake Victoria

\r\nYear: 2010\r\nLocation: Lake Victoria\r\nClient: Lake Victoria Basin Commission\r\nMain Project feature: The water levels of Lake Victoria were declining\r\nthreatening the livelihoods of the population depending on the lake

\r\nfor their livelihoods and therefore called for a new policy to control\r\nthe use of the lake waters sustainably.\r\nPosition held: Fisheries expert, Tanzanian team in collaboration with the

\r\nCenter for Eco-Hydrology, UK.\r\nActivities:\r\n.Assessment of the impact of the expected decline of lake Victoria\r\nwaters on the fishes, and fisheries on the Tanzanian part of lake\r\nVictoria.

\r\n7.2. Environmental Impact assessment of variousmining project activities\r\nActivities undertaken: Determination of the diversity and abundance of the\r\nfauna in the project area,

Assessment of the likely impacts of the gold mining\r\nactivities on the fauna in the project area and Suggestion of mitigation measures\r\nto alleviate the project impacts on the fauna.

\r\n7.2.1 Location: Salawe and Mwakitolyo, Rural Shinyanga, Tanzania\r\nYear: 2012\r\nClient: Reef GoldMining Company\r\nMain Project feature: The project area consisted of mainly a very large\r\nflood plain utilized mainly for paddy cultivation and has some\r\nthorny bushes on the south western side. The area is also traversed\r\nby Isanga river

which empties in the Smith’s sound of lake Victoria.\r\nAlthough the area is highly disturbed by cultivation activities there\r\nare still both terrestrial and aquatic animals in the area.\r\n

\r\n7.2.2 Location: Kisaki, Morogoro rural Tanzania\r\nYear: 2012\r\nClient: Montero Rare earth elements Mining Company\r\nMain Project feature: The Wigu Hill licensed area project area consisted of\r\na thick forested hill rising from 200m to over 700masl and very\r\nlarge flat plain traversed by Mgeta river which downstream joins\r\nonto Ruvu river. The area is also close to the north-western reaches\r\nof the Selous game reserve.

\r\n7.2.3 Location: Tulawaka, Bihalamuro, tanzania\r\nYear: 2011\r\nClient: Barrick Gold Mining company\r\nMain Project feature: The expansion of the Tulawaka gold mining\r\nfacilities takes place in an already fenced area but surrounded by\r\nthe Bihalamuro forest known to be rich in wild animals. There is\r\nalsoMuhama and Isozibi rivers flowing near the project area.

\r\n7.2.4 Location: Saza, Chunya, Mbeya\r\nYear: 2011\r\nClient: Shanta GoldMining (T) Ltd company\r\nMain Project feature: The New Luika gold mine company was to start\r\nconstruction of various mine

facilities in a forested Mining licensed\r\narea known to be utilized by various terrestrial animals. The area is\r\nalso traversed by several perennial and some seasonal rivers\r\nemptying in lake Rukwa, all of which harbour various aquatic\r\norganisms..

\r\n7.2.5 Location: the Golden Ridge, Mwakitolyo village, Rural Shinyanga,\r\nYear: 2010\r\nClient: Barrick GoldMines Company Ltd

\r\nMain Project feature: The gold exploration activities takes place in a raised\r\nbushy ridge surrounded by a flood plain connected to the southern reach of\r\nthe Mwanza gulf of lake Victoria. The project activities was going to

\r\ndisplace and also kill some animals both terrestrial and aquatic in the\r\nproject area.

\r\n7.2.6 Location:Merelani hills, Simanjiro,Manyara, Tanzania\r\nYear: 2010\r\nClient: Tanzanite One Company Ltd\r\nMain Project

feature: Block D owned by Tanzanite One Mining Company\r\nis in surrounded by other blocks occupied by small scale tanzanite\r\nminers. The area is situated in highly disturbed hills.

The expansion of\r\nthe Tanzanite One Project activities was likely to disturb and displace\r\nthe few remaining terrestrial fauna found within the project area.

\r\n7.2.7 Location: Likuyu-seka and Selous game reserve, Namtumbo, Ruvuma,\r\nTanzania\r\nYear: 2010\r\n

\r\nClient: Mantra Tanzania Ltd\r\nMain Project feature: The project was constructing an access road from\r\nLikuyu- Seka to the Uranium mining camp area through the northern

\r\nreaches of the Selous game reserve which is an international heritage\r\nsite. The access road was crossing a number of streams both perennial\r\nand seasonal,

utilized by wild life as watering points and the\r\nproposed road is also thought to cross the Niasa migration corridor.

\r\n7.2.8 Location: North Mara Gold fields, Tarime, Tanzania\r\nYear: 2010\r\nClient: North Mara Gold Mines Company Ltd\r\nMain Project feature: The project activities takes place in an area which\r\nwas highly very disturbed by the ongoing both large scale and small\r\nscale mining

activities. Tigithe stream traversing the licensed area is\r\nutilized by the locals in the surrounding villages for watering cattle\r\nand to draw water for domestic use.

\r\n7.2.9 Location:Mang’onyi village about 60 Km south East of Singida Town\r\nYear: 2010\r\nClient: Shanta mining Company Ltd\r\nMain Project feature: The newly acquired gold mining licensed area had\r\nbushes and seasonal rivers that were utilized by animals both

\r\nterrestrial and aquatic as their habitats. In addition there was a\r\nmigration corridor for elephants in the area.

\r\n7.2.10 Location:Mwadui, Shinyanga\r\nYear: 2010\r\nClient: Petra (Williamson) Diamond Ltd\r\nMain Project feature: The newly acquired Petra Diamond Mining\r\ncompany was going to expand some facilities such as the Tailings\r\nstorage facilities, construction of a new plant and expand the\r\nmining pit in the project area which had been formerly\r\nrehabilitated and recolonised by some wild animals

\r\n7.3 Assessment of the impacts of Harbour development / expansion activities

\r\n7.3.1 Location: Dare s Salaam Harbour, Tanzania\r\nYear: 1995\r\nClient: Tanzania Harbours Authority / Scott-Bertlin Consulting Engineers,\r\nUK

\r\nMain project feature: Dares Salaam harbour expansion involved redging\r\nwhich was going to disturb the sea bottom and displace the benthic\r\nand pelagic fauna and interfere with the marine transport in the area

\r\nPositions held: Member of the research team dealing with aquatic fauna and\r\nflora.\r\nActivities performed: Environmental Impact Assessment of Dares Salaam harbour

\r\nexpansion through identification of aquatic fauna and flora both benthic and

\r\npelagic in the dare s salaam harbour and speculate on the likely impacts of the

\r\nproject activities and suggest some mitigation measures to reduce the\r\n

\r\n7.3.2 Location:Tanga Port, Tanzania\r\nYear: 1992\r\nClient: Tanzania Harbours Authority\r\nMain project

feature: The oil jetty construction at Tanga port involved\r\ndredging activities was going to interfere with marine transport\r\nactivities and displace and probably kill some aquatic both benthic\r\nand pelagic

organisms in the port area and some mangroves and\r\ncorals some distance away. The study was to identify and speculate

\r\non the probable impacts and suggest some mitigation measures.\r\nPositions held: Member of the research team dealing with aquatic fauna and\r\nflora\r\nActivities performed:

\r\n. Assessment of the aquatic fauna and flora in the proposed project\r\narea..

Measurement of the magnitude and direction of current systems in\r\nthe proposed project area and Assessment of the likely impacts of the\r\nproject activities to the aquatic biota in the area.\r\n

\r\n7.3.3 Location: Dar es Salaam,Tanzania\r\nYear: 1991\r\nClient: Tanzania Harbours Authority / Scott Bertlin Consulting Engineers and\r\nPlanners, U.K.\r\nMain project feature: The Dar es Salaam Harbour Expansion

Projectinvolved\r\ndredging activities for laying a gas pipeline was going to take place in\r\nan area with heavy marine boat traffic. The project activities was not

\r\nonly likely going to interfere with marine traffic but also displace and\r\nprobably kill some aquatic both benthic and pelagic organisms in the\r\nproject area.\r\nPositions held: Member of the research team dealing with aquatic fauna\r\nActivities performed:

\r\n. Assessment of the hydrography of the Dar es Salaam harbour and\r\nnearby waters measuring the magnitude and direction of current\r\nsystems in the area, Assessment of the aquatic and benthic fauna and\r\nflora in the study area and sediment structure

\r\n7.4 Environmental impact assessment of hydro electric power development\r\nprojects

\r\n7.4.1 Name of assignment or project: Assessment of the Aquatic fauna along The\r\nMtwara-Masasi power corridor\r\nLocation: Mtwara, Lindi and Masasi districts, Tanzania.

\r\nYear: 2004\r\nClient: IVO Consult\r\nMain project feature: The power corridor traverses through a forested area\r\nand of project activities were likely to kill or displace aquatic fauna

\r\nalong the power corridor\r\nPositions held: Member of the research team dealing with aquatic fauna

\r\n10\r\nActivities performed: Assessment of the Aquatic fauna along

The Mtwara -\r\nMasasi power corridor, Making a prediction of the likely impacts of the\r\nproject activities on the aquatic biota and suggest mitigation measures

\r\n7.4.2 Name of assignment: Baseline study of fisheries resources of Ruvu-Pangani\r\nriver a pre-impoundment for hydro-electric power project.\r\nYear: 1996

\r\nLocation: Mandera village area, Korogwe, Tanzania\r\nClient: Tanzania Electric Supply Company (TANESCO)\r\nMain project feature: The Ruvu river is part of the Pangani river system

\r\nwhich is connected to the Indian Ocean and therefore could possibly be\r\nutilized by both typical riverine species and diadromous species.\r\nPositions held: Member of the research team dealing with aquatic fauna\r\nActivities

performed: Assessment of fish diversity, habitat use and fisheries\r\nactivities of the Ruvu – Pangani river, Speculation on the likely impacts of the\r\nproject activities and Suggestion of mitigation measures

\r\n7.4.3 Name of the assignment: Follow up studies on the limnology and\r\nfisheries of the Mtera reservoir, ten years after impoundment.\r\nYear:1994\r\nLocation: Mtera reservoir, Iringa/Dodoma, Tanzania.

\r\nClient: Tanzania Electric Supply Company\r\nMain project feature: The new lacustrine features had created new\r\nLimnological conditions and adaptations and performance of various aquatic\r\nfauna populations in theMtera dam.

\r\nActivities performed: Study of the Limnology and Fisheries of the Mtera\r\nreservoir, and Assessment of the Biodiversity, mainly of the\r\nichthyofauna of the dam and adjacent streams

\r\n7.4.4 Name of project: Monitoring the aquatic environment during redevelopment\r\nof Pangani hydropower station\r\nLocation: Hale, Tanga, Tanzania\r\nYear: 1993

\r\nClient: Tanzania Electric Supply Company (TANESCO)\r\nMain project feature: Damming of the Pangani river was going to create a\r\nnew lacustrine environment and block the free upstream migration of

\r\nfishes in the river. A few fish will adapt to the new lacustrine condition

\r\nand the head pond to be formed was going to inundate a large area and\r\nattract various organisms both aquatic and terrestrial in the area.\r\nActivities

performed: Identification of the aquatic biota which will be\r\nimpacted by the project activities after damming the river, Assessment of the

\r\nfisheries activities in the project area and Prediction of the likelihood

\r\necological and biological impacts on the production of the native fish species

\r\nin the part of the river that was to change following the impoundment.

7.5 Assessment of Environmental impacts of Songosongo gas project

\r\n7.5.1 Name of assignment or project: The Environmental Impact assessment of\r\nthe Songosongo Gas to electricity project on the marine environment\r\nLocation: Songo songo island, Kilwa, Tanzania

\r\nYear: 1997\r\nClient: NORPLAN A/S, Norway\r\nMain project feature: Some of the gas wells were located in intertidal flats\r\nrich in especially benthic organisms and those offshore areas utilised by\r\nartisanal fishers.\r\nActivities performed:

Assessment of the aquatic biota in the project area and\r\nthe identify the impacts of project activities on the biota and suggest\r\nmitigation measures

\r\n7.5.2 Location: Songosongo island to Somanga-funga, Kilwa.\r\nYear: 1992\r\nActivities performed:

Assessment the impact of construction of an\r\nunderwater gas Pipeline from Songosongo island to Tanzania mainland on the\r\nfauna and flora and fisheries activities in the area .

\r\nClient: Songas / Hardy BBT Ltd., Calgary, Canada.\r\nMain project feature: Excavation of a trench for laying a marine pipeline\r\nwas going to disturb and displace the benthic and pelagic fauna not

\r\nonly within the pipeline corridor but also some distance away\r\ndepending on the water current conditions in the area. The area was\r\nalso a rich fishing ground utilized by both artisanal and commercial\r\nfishers.

\r\n7.5.3 Location: Songo songo island, Kilwa, Tanzania\r\nYear: 1991\r\nClient: Songas / Hardy BBT Ltd., Calgary, Canada.\r\nMain project

feature: Drilling of gas wells in the waters around Songo\r\nsongo island was to destroy a lot of aquatic organisms and besides the area\r\nwas also a rich fishing ground utilized by both artisanal and commercial\r\nfishers.

\r\nActivities performed: The baseline Study of mar ine organi sms ar ound
\r\nthe SongoSongo Gas wells involved assessment of the diversity and\r\nabundance of aquatic biota in the project area and speculate on the impat on\r\nthe organisms and fisheries activities in the area.\r\n\r\n\r\n
  
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