In the process of mapping of institutional capacity, stakeholders, outreach measures and technical and environmental information a survey aimed at identifying key stakeholders was conducted between February and April 2015. Eight coastal districts namely Rufiji, Mkuranga, Temeke, Kinondoni, Bagamoyo, Handeni, Korogwe and Mkinga. A Purposive sampling was used to select respondents for interviews. Respondents were categorized as follows: individual fish farmers, group (cooperative) farmers and institutions. Results from the survey showed that half (50%) of the surveyed fish farms were owned by individuals while the other half was divided between group ownership (21.4%), private companies (14.3) and government institutions (prisons, JKT, R&D institutions), which together comprised 14.3%. The survey revealed that family members operated most fish farm activities under the category of individual ownership.
Results also indicated that about two third (71.4%) of the respondents practiced some forms of integrated aquaculture and agriculture (IAA) type of fish farming. In most cases fish farmers used pond water for watering vegetables like okra, tomatoes, hot peppers and bitter tomatoes as well as other perennial crops such as sugar cane, bananas, mango trees, pawpaw, guava and teak. This shows that fishponds add value to other farming activities as water from ponds was used for irrigation of high-‐value vegetables and crops and that the concept of IAA is not completely a new concept to the farmers.
Furthermore, the study revealed that about half of the fish farmers (57%) keep record to some extent about farming activities. Information that was stored by the farmers included number and size/weight of fish stocked and sales as well as the type of feed used. In addition, the main source of extension service was revealed to be from Fisheries Officers. internet and fellow farmers. However, many farmers (43%) indicated that they have never had extension services from any source. They relied on trial and error in conducting fish farming activities. This means that numerous ponds in the study area were built with little extension support and hence the problems with pond management, water quality and availability of fish seed, little attention to feeding regimes and knowledge to sources of capital and markets.
Dr. Rukia Kitula, University of Dar es Salaam (reft), interviewing a fish farmer in Rufiji District, Coast Region during the survey.
One of the fishponds in Utete, Rifiji District, which uses pond water to irrigate vegetables