Aquatic






        Dr. Benaiah Benno
TEACHING
\r\nTeaches undergraduate courses in the fields of Biostatistics and Marine Ecology.

\r\n\r\nUndergraduate courses:
\r\nAF 204 Fish Population Dynamics and Stock Assessment 3 Units: Taught during 2nd Semester
\r\n
\r\n\r\n\r\nObjectives:
At the end of the course, the student should be able to:
\r\n• Identify and define a fish stock.
\r\n• Explain how fish populations are affected by external and internal influences.
\r\n• Estimate fish population abundance and forecast on future trends of a fishery.

\r\n\r\nSynopsis:\r\nFactors influencing abundance and distribution of fishes. The unit stock. Methods of estimating fish abundance: trawl surveys, acoustic surveys, mark-recapture. Catch and effort assessment. Ground survey sampling theory: random, systematic and stratified sampling. Mark-recapture surveys. Depletion sampling. Design of fishery surveys using statistical sampling principles. Fisheries assessment and monitoring. Size relationships. Reproduction, growth, recruitment and mortality. Catch curves, Beverton and Holt equations, Virtual population analysis, Life history patterns. Surplus yield models. MSY, Yield per recruit models.\r\n

\r\nDelivery: 30
lecture hours and 45 hours of practicals. \r\n

\r\nAssessment: Essays and tests 15%; mid-semester examination 25%; and final examination 60%. \r\n

\r\nKey Textbooks:
\r\n1. Cowx, Ian G. 1996. Stock Assessment in Inland Fisheries. Fishing News Books (Blackwell Science Ltd). 528 pp.
\r\n2. Hart, P.J.B and J.D. Reynolds. 2002. Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries (2 Volumes Set). Fishing News Books (Blackwell Science Ltd). 856 pp.
\r\n3. King, M. 1995. Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management. Fishing News Books (Blackwell Science Ltd). 352 pp.

\r\n\r\nReference Books:
\r\n1. Gulland, J.A. 1983. Fish Stock Assessment: A Manual of Basic Methods. Wiley-InterScience Publication, USA.
\r\n2. Hart, P.J.B. and Reynolds, J.D. 2002. Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries. Volume 1: Fish Biology. Blackwell Publishing Company. 411 pp.
\r\n
\r\n\r\n\r\nAF 200 Practical Training I (2 Units): Taught during 2nd Semester
\r\n
\r\nObjective:
At the end of the course, the student should appreciate and be able to apply skills and knowledge gained during the practical training period.

\r\n\r\nSynopsis:
An eight-week field period immediately after the second semester of first year. Structured, practical training in the fishing industry, government agencies and other areas utilizing fisheries, food science, or other related applied sciences. Priority is given to work experience as assigned by the faculty supervisor. Experiences are supervised and evaluated by local field supervisor and a faculty member. Student’s logbook of their daily activities and written reports required.

\r\n\r\nDelivery:
8 weeks of field attachment. \r\n

\r\nAssessment:
Final assessment will be based on evaluation of the logbook, and written reports from the student by field and university supervisors.\r\n

\r\n\r\n\r\nAF 300 Practical Training II (2 units)\r\n

\r\nObjective:
At the end of the course, the student should appreciate and be able to apply skills and knowledge gained at the work environment. Two weeks intensive practical training to give student practical experience in different subject areas of their programme.

\r\n\r\nSynopsis
\r\nSix weeks of practical training attachment immediately after the second semester of the second year followed by two-weeks of field training. Students will receive structured practical training in the government agencies and other areas of fisheries exploitation or those dealing with aquatic resources and conservation, food, or other related applied sciences. Priority is given to work experience as assigned by the local field supervisor. Experiences are supervised and evaluated by local field supervisor and a faculty member. Student’s logbook of their daily activities record and written reports are required. Two weeks of intensive field training will be conducted by faculty supervisors in Dar es Salaam or neighboring coastal regions.
\r\n
\r\nDelivery: 6 weeks of field attachment followed by 2 weeks of field training. \r\n

\r\nAssessment:
Final assessment will be based on evaluation of the logbook, and written reports by the student as well as by field and university supervisors during practical training and a written report from the field training.

\r\n\r\nAQ 307: Law of the Sea and Inland Waters (2 units)\r\n

\r\nObjectives:
To introduce students to the legal aspects of the sea and inland waters (lakes, rivers etc.), with emphasis on both the international and national legal regimes. \r\n

\r\nSynopsis
\r\n(i) Overview: profile of the marine environment; importance of the sea; the emerging law of the sea (a historical background).
\r\n(ii) Maritime boundary delimitation and maritime issues: territorial sea and international straits; high seas and archipelagic states; the marine environment; marine scientific research and the transfer of marine technology; the continental shelf and seabed; the exclusive economic zone; conservation and management of marine living resources in the EEZ and the high seas; settlement of disputes.
\r\n(iii) Tanzania and the new law of the sea: the impact of the 1982 UNCLOS on Tanzania; control of marine resources, marine conservation and marine protected areas, marine pollution control, marine scientific research; the need for an integrated coastal management in Tanzania.
\r\n(iv) Legal regime for the inland waters (rivers, lakes, swamps); regional cooperation in utilization of freshwater resources (Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Nyasa).

\r\n\r\nDelivery:
15 lecture hours and 45 hours of practicals. \r\n

\r\nAssessment:
Essay and tests 15%, Mid-semester examination 25%, final examination 60%.

\r\n\r\nKey Textbook:
\r\n1. Anand, R.P. 1982. Origin and Development of the Law of the Sea. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, London.\r\n

\r\nReference Books:
\r\n1. Brown, E.D. 1994. The International Law of the Sea. Bartmouth Publishing Co., Brookfield.
\r\n2. Dahmani, M. 1987. The Fisheries Regime of the Exclusive Economic Zone. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Lancaster.\r\n
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