Aquatic






        Dr. Blandina R.Lugendo
TEACHING
\r\nTeaches undergraduate courses in the field of aquatic ecology and mangroves and seagrass ecosystems.

\r\n\r\n\r\nUndergraduate courses:
\r\nAQ 111 Introduction to Aquatic Science 3 Units: Taught during 1st Semester (Teaching shared with Dr. Semesi) \r\n

\r\nObjectives:
To introduce students to various aspects of the aquatic environment and human interactions with a view to giving them comprehensive background knowledge necessary for the subsequent years.

\r\n\r\nSynopsis
\r\n(i) The aquatic environment: biotic and abiotic factors. Benthos, plankton and nekton. Use and abuse of aquatic systems.
\r\n(ii) Fisheries Science: fisheries, aquaculture. Types of capture fisheries. Exploited fishery resources. Major fisheries in Tanzanian waters (marine, rivers, lakes, reservoirs). Importance of capture fisheries and aquaculture to the national economy. Threats to fisheries. Fisheries management.
\r\n(iii) Types of Fish capture gear and Techniques and their effects: Principles and evolution of fishing methods and gear. Classification of fishing gear and fishing methods: Traps, lines, nets, seines, trawls, dredges, electrofishing, fish pumps. Fishing accessories. Selectivity of fishing gears. Technical and behavioural aspects of fishing gears. Effects of fishing gears on the fisheries resource and environment.\r\n

\r\nDelivery: 30 lecture hours and 45 hours of practical classes \r\n

\r\nAssessment:
Essay and tests 15%, Mid-semester examination 25%, final examination 60%.

\r\n\r\nKey Textbooks:
\r\n1. Garner, J. 1989. How to Make and Set Nets: The Technology of Netting. Fishing News Books (Blackwell Science Ltd).
\r\n2. Moore, G. and S. Jennings. 2000. Commercial Fishing. Fishing News Books (Blackwell Science Ltd). 72 pp
\r\n3. Nybakken, J.W., 1996. Marine Biology: An Ecological Approach. Fourth Edition. Harper and Row Publications, New York.
\r\n4. Wetzel, R.G. 2001. Limnology: Lake and River Ecosystems. Third Edn. Academic Press, San Diego, California. 1006 pp.

\r\n\r\nReference books:
\r\n1. Beadle, L.C. 1974. The Inland Waters of Tropical Africa: An Introduction to Tropical Limnology. Longmans, London (2nd Ed. 1980).
\r\n2. Bjordal, Asmund. 1996. Longlining. Fishing News Books (Blackwell Science Ltd). 168 pp.
\r\n3. Cowx, I.G. and P. Lamarque. 1990. Fishing with Electricity. Fishing News Books (Blackwell Science Ltd). 272 pp.
\r\n4. Garner, J. 1989. Pelagic and Semi-Pelagic Trawling Gear. Fishing News Books (Blackwell Science Ltd). 60 pp.
\r\n5. Lalli, C.M. and T.R. Parsons 1993. Biological Oceanography: An Introduction. Pergamon Press, Oxford. 301 pp.
\r\n6. Moss, B. 1998. Ecology of Fresh Waters, Man & Medium, Past to Future. Blackwell Science Inc, USA. 557 pp.
\r\n7. Sumich, J.L. 1992. An Introduction to the Biology of Marine Life. Wm. C. Brown Publishers, Iowa. 449 pp.
\r\n8. Yami, M. Ben. 1994. Purse Seining Manual. An FAO Fishing Manual. Fishing News Books (Blackwell Science Ltd). 416 pp.\r\n\r\n\r\n

\r\nAQ 304: Aquatic Resources and Management (2 Units)

\r\nObjectives:
To introduce students to living and non-living aquatic resources of commercial, ecological, environmental and aesthetic importance and some management options in selected fresh water bodies and regions of the ocean.\r\n

\r\nSynopsis
\r\n(i) Non-living resources: Sand, gravel, solar salt. Heavy minerals from beach deposits. Minerals and deep sea resources, manganese nodules. Oil and gas.
\r\n(ii) Living resources: survey of marine and freshwater resources of the world. Marine and freshwater resources and yields in East Africa. Utilization of aquatic resources. Conservation strategies.
\r\n(iii) Basic principles guiding the management of aquatic resources. Ecotourism. Integrated coastal zone management.

\r\n\r\nDelivery: 15 Lecture hours and 45 hours of Practicals. \r\n

\r\nAssessment:
Essay and tests 15%, Mid-semester examination 25%, final examination 60%.\r\n

\r\nKey Textbooks:
\r\n1. Earney, F.C. 1990. Marine Mineral Resources. Routledge, London. 387 pp
\r\n2. English, S, Wilkinson, C. and Baker, V. 1997. Survey Manual for Tropical Marine Resources, 2nd Edition. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville. 390 pp
\r\n3. \r\n4. Oxford University Press. 280 pp.
\r\n5. King, M. 1995. Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management. Fishing News Books, Oxford. 341 pp.\r\n

\r\nReference Books:
\r\n1. Cicin-Sain, B. and R.W. Knecht. 1998. Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management: Concepts and Practices. Island Press, Washington, D.C. 517 pp.
\r\n2. Clark, J.R. 1992. Integrated management of coastal zones. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 327. FAO, Rome..
\r\n3. Guilbert J.M. and C.F. Park. 1986. The Geology of Ore Deposits. W.H. Freeman and Company, New York. 985 pp.
\r\n4. IUCN/UNEP. 1985. Management and conservation of renewable marine resources in the Indian Ocean region. Overview. UNEP Regional Seas Report and Studies No. 60. UNEP, Nairobi.
\r\n5. Robertson, A.I. and D.M. Alongi (edition). 1992. Tropical Mangrove Ecosystems. American Geophysical Union, Washington DC. 329 pp.
\r\n6. Sasaki, A., S. Ishihara, and Y. Seki. 1985. Mineral Resources and Engineering Geology. John Wiley and Sons. New York, 299 pp.
\r\n7. Wick, G.L. and W.R. Schmitt (eds). 1981. Harvesting Ocean Energy. UNESCO Press, Paris. 171 pp.\r\n
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