Prof. John F. Machiwa
\r\nTeaches undergraduate courses in the fields of Chemical Oceanography, Aquatic resources and Management and Aquatic Pollution.

\r\n\r\nUndergraduate courses:
\r\nAQ 316 Aquatic Pollution 2 Units: Taught during 1st semester\r\n

\r\n\r\nObjectives: To introduce students to types and major sources of pollutants in aquatic environment and make them understand their ecological and environmental impacts.\r\n

\r\n(i) A survey of sources and types of pollution: oxygen demanding wastes, solid wastes including plastics, hydrocarbons, halogenated hydrocarbons, pesticides, microbes, heavy metals, radioactivity, heat, sound, etc. Fate of pollutants in the aquatic environment. Responses of organisms to pollutants.
\r\n(ii) Current methods for analysis and monitoring of pollution in freshwater and marine ecosystems. Pollution control.

\r\n\r\nDelivery: 15 lecture hours and 45 hours of Practical classes. \r\n

\r\nAssessment: Essay and tests 15%, Mid-semester examination 25%, final examination 60%.\r\n

\r\nKey Textbooks:
\r\n1. Alloway, B.J. and Ayres, D.C. 1997. Chemical Principles of Environmental Pollution. Blackie Academic and Professional, London. 395 pp.
\r\n2. Clark, R.B. 1992. Marine Pollution. Claredon Press, Oxford. 172 pp.\r\n

\r\n\r\nReference Books:
\r\n1. Bailey, R.A., H.M. Clark, J.P. Ferris, S. Krause and R.L. Strong 1978. Chemistry of the Environment. Academic Press, London. 574 pp.
\r\n2. Erickson, M.D. 1999. Analytical Chemistry of PCBs. Lewis Publishers, New York. 667 pp.
\r\n3. Hassall, K.A. 1982. The Chemistry of Pesticides. Their Metabolism, Mode of Action and Uses in Crop Protection. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim. 372 pp.
\r\n4. Meadows, P.S. and J.I. Campbell 1988. An Introduction to Marine Science. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 285 pp.
\r\n5. O Neill, P. 1993. Environmental Chemistry. Chapman and Hall, London. 268 pp.
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