Aquatic






        Dr. Julius Francis
TEACHING
\r\nTeaches undergraduate courses in the fields physical and geological oceanography.

\r\n\r\nUndergraduate courses:
\r\nAQ 331 Contemporary Topics in World Fisheries and Aquatic Science 2 Units: Taught during 2nd semester (Teaching shared with Prof. Bwathondi)

\r\nAQ 222 Oceanography I 3 Units: Taught during 1st semester (Teaching shared with MS Hamdun)

\r\nAQ 327 Oceanography II 3 Units: Taught during 1st semester

AQ 331 Contemporary Topics in World Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences (2 units)\r\n

\r\nObjective:

To introduce students to literature survey for current trends and issues at the cutting edge of aquatic environment and conservation. \r\n

\r\nSynopsis:
An in-depth literature survey of contemporary studies in Aquatic environmental conservation and biology leading to preparation and presentation of a seminar paper. Topics may include causes and consequences of loss of biological diversity; climate change and loss of biological diversity; biological diversity evaluation, monitoring and conservation of biological diversity; restoration ecology; water and costal areas use conflicts, politics and biological diversity.\r\n

\r\nDelivery: 30 lecture hours and 45 hours of practical classes.

\r\n\r\nAssessment: Essay and tests 15%; mid-semester examination 25%; final examination 60%.\r\n

\r\nKey Textbooks:
\r\n1. Sadar, M.H. 1996. Environmental Impact Assessment, 2nd Edition. Francophone secretariat, International Association for Impact Assessment. 191 pp.

\r\n\r\nReference Books:
\r\n1. Montgomery, D.R., G.E. Grant and K. Sullivan. 1995. Watershed Analysis as a Framework for Implementing Ecosystem Management. Water Resources Bulletin 31 (3): 369-386.

\r\n2. Naiman, R.J. and R.E. Bilby (eds.). 1998. River Ecology and Management. Springer-Verlag, New York. \r\n

\r\n \r\nAQ 327 Oceanography II (3 units)

\r\n\r\nObjectives:

To advance the knowledge of students on chemical equilibriums in marine systems and introduce to the students theoretical and practical aspects including techniques and instruments in geological oceanography.

\r\n\r\nSynopsis
\r\n(i) Chemical Oceanography: Gaseous equilibrium and exchange with atmosphere. Chemistry of the oceans: seawater as a complex electrolyte solution; the nature and rates of chemical reactions occurring in seawater and between the oceans and the biosphere and lithosphere. Thermodynamics of chemical reactions in seawater at atmospheric and at high pressures.

\r\n(ii) Physical Oceanography: Circulation and water masses of the oceans: mechanisms, circulation and water masses. Coastal oceanography: coastal upwelling, Ekman circulation in shallow water, fronts, plumes, tides, currents; estuarine circulation and sedimentation; coral reefs (topography, circulation in lagoons); beach erosion and sedimentation; effects of human activities on the coastal zone.

\r\n(iii) Introduction to geology and geological oceanography. Techniques and instruments used in geological oceanography. Physiography of the oceans: continental margins and their types; continental shelf, shorelines, estuaries, fjords, sea level changes, deltas, lagoon; continental slope, submarine canyons; continental rise; deep ocean floor, abyssal hills, mid-oceanic ridges, fracture zones. Marginal seas. Sediment transport and distribution: continental margin, deep ocean. Seafloor evolution: continental drift, seafloor spreading, plate tectonics, chronology of seafloor evolution. \r\nPrerequisite: AQ 222\r\n

\r\nDelivery: 30 lecture hours and 45 hours of practical classes.

\r\nAssessment: Essay and tests 15%, Mid-semester examination 25%, final examination 60%.\r\n

\r\nKey Textbooks:
\r\n1. Bearman, G. (ed.) 1989. Ocean chemistry and Deep-sea sediments. Pergamon Press, New York 134 pp.

\r\n2. Chester, R. 1990. Marine Geochemistry. Unwin Hyman, London. 698 pp.\r\n

\r\nReference Books:
\r\n1. Grasshoff, K., M. Ehrhardt and K. Kremling (eds) 1983. Methods of Seawater Analysis. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim. 419 pp.

\r\n2. Parsons, T., Y. Maita and C. Lalli 1984. A Manual of Chemical and Biological Methods for Seawater Analysis. Pergamon Press, Oxford. 173 pp.

\r\n3. Riley, J.P. and R. Chester 1971. Introduction to Marine Chemistry. Academic Press, London. 465 pp.\r\n\r\n \r\n
\r\n3. Riley, J.P. and R. Chester 1971. Introduction to Marine Chemistry. Academic Press, London. 465 pp.\r\n\r\n \r\n\r\n3. Riley, J.P. and R. Chester 1971. Introduction to Marine Chemistry. Academic Press, London. 465 pp.\r\n\r\n \r\n\r\n
  
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