Dr. Charles Lugomela
\r\nTeaches undergraduate in the field of Plankton Systematics and Ecology.
\r\n\r\nUndergraduate courses:
\r\nAQ 224 Plankton Systematics and Ecology 3 Units: Taught during 2nd Semester

\r\nAF 207 Swimming and Snorkeling 2 Units: Taught during 1st Semester

AQ 224 Plankton Systematics and Ecology (3 units)

To introduce students to the systematics of both phytoplankton and zooplankton; plankton sampling methods and determination of productivity; plankton ecology and productivity.\r\n

\r\nAchievement: Graduates will acquire comprehensive theoretical and practical knowledge of the plankton. \r\n

\r\n(i) Systematic and biology of phytoplankton and Zooplankton (holoplankton and meroplankton). Adaptation to the environment, structural adaptations to floatation, aids of floatation, cyclomorphosis, colour and transparency, bioluminescence.

\r\n(ii) Methods of measurement of biomass and primary production, bacterial production, and nitrogen fixation in the water column. Quantitative zooplankton sampling; methods of collecting fixing and preserving. Analyses of samples. Feeding processes: rate of filtering, prey selection. Harmful microalgae.

\r\n(iii) Spatial and seasonal changes of phytoplankton and zooplankton. Primary productivity and factors controlling the distribution and productivity. Secondary production and the food webs. Bacterial production and the concept of the microbial loop.

Trophodynamic relationships. Zooplankton variations and the concept of indicator species. Zoogeography of the holoplankton. Vertical migration: seasonal-, ontogenic- and diel-vertical migration.\r\n

\r\nDelivery: 30 lectures hours and 45 hours of practical classes. \r\n

\r\nAssessment: Essay and tests 15%; mid-semester examination 25%; final examination 60%.\r\n

\r\nKey Textbooks:
\r\n1. Alvarez-Cobelas, M., Kristiansen, J., Reynolds, C.S. and Sanchez-Castillo, P. 1998. Phytoplankton and Trophic Gradients (Developments in Hydrobiology Series). Springer-Verlag New York, LLC, 372 pp.

\r\n2. Graham, L.E and Wilcox, L.W. 2000. Algae. Prentice-Hall, Inc., 640 pp.

\r\n3. Johnson, W.S. and Allen, D.M. 2005. Zooplankton of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts: A Guide to Their Identification and Ecology (Paperback)

\r\n4. Raymont, J.E.G. 1980. Plankton and Productivity in the Oceans. 2nd Ed., Vol. 1, Phytoplankton. Pergamon Press, Oxford.

\r\n5. Raymont, J.E.G. 1983. Plankton and Productivity in the Oceans, 2nd Ed., Vol. 2, Zooplankton. Pergamon Press, Oxford.

\r\n\r\nReference Books:
\r\n1. Hallegraeff, G.M., D.M. Anderson and A.D. Cembella (Editors) 2003. Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae. UNESCO, France, 793 pp.

\r\n2. Hallegraeff, G.M., D.M. Anderson, and A.D. Cembella. (Editors). 1995. Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae. UNESCO, Paris.

\r\n3. Harris R.P., P.H. Wiebe, J. Lenz, H.R. Skjoldal, and M. Huntley. 2000. Zooplankton Methodology Manual. Academic Press, New York.

\r\n4. Newell, G.E. and R.C. Newell 1963. Marine Plankton: A Practical Guide. Hutchinson Educational Ltd., London.

\r\n5. Parsons, T.R., M. Takahashi, and B. Hargrave. 1984. Biological Oceanographic Processes. Third Edition. Pergamon Press, Oxford. 330 pp.

\r\n6. Sournia, A. 1978. Phytoplankton Manual. UNESCO, Paris.

\r\n7. Todd, C.D., M.S. Laverack, and G.A. Boxshall. 1996. Coastal Marine Zooplankton: A Practical Guide. 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press (North America).

\r\n8. Tomas, C.R. 1997. Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. Academic Press, USA. \r\n\r\n

AF 207 Swimming and Snorkeling (2 units)\r\n

To enable students to be skilled in swimming, floating, life-saving techniques and snorkeling such that they can conduct research in the water safely and proficiently.

\r\n(i) Relevant principles of physics, buoyancy. Floating: black float, vertical float and prone float. Crawl stroke, breaststroke, backstroke, and side stroke.

\r\n(ii) Skills for conducting research in the water: use of the snorkel, finning, duck diving, rescuing. \r\n

\r\nDelivery: 90 hours of practical classes.\r\n

\r\nAssessment: Practical tests 30%, written tests 10 %; final practical examination 40% (floating 15%, swimming distance 15%, water skills 10%); final written exam 20%.\r\n

\r\nKey Textbooks:
\r\n1. AUSTSWIM. 2001. Teaching Swimming and Water Safety. Human Kinetics Publishers. ISBN: 0-7360-3251-7.

\r\n2. YMCA. 1999. Teaching Swimming Fundamentals. Human Kinetic Publishers. ISBN: 0-7360-0044-5.

\r\n\r\nReference Books:
\r\n1. Hardy, Colin 1990. Swimming for Heath. Headway, Hodder. 112 pp.

\r\n2. Thomas, David G. Swimming: Steps to Success. Leisure Press, Champaign, Illinois. 173 pp.

\r\n3. YMCA. 1999. The Youth and Adult Aquatic Program Manual. Human Kinetic Publishers. ISBN: 0-7360-0048-8.\r\n
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